5.4.3 Impressionistic Painters

Take a quick tour of this famous style –

Impressionism Gallery and discussion #1
Impressionism Gallery and discussion #2

Claude Monet 1840-1926

  • Painted the work that created the term Impressionism
  • Loose brushstrokes
  • Dabs of broken color
  • Controlled compositions
  • Painted the same subject numerous times
  • Different time of day
  • Different season

Pierre-Auguste Renoir 1841-1919

Renoir - 1875

  • Painted People
  • The middle class enjoying life, pleasure and entertainments
    • Weekend outings
    • A day at the races
    • Boating
    • Enjoying a garden
    • Dancing
  • Popular Work – Dance at the Moulin de la Galette

Edgar Degas 1834-1917

Edgar Degas 1855

  • Called the linear Impressionist
  • Frequently depicted scenes from ballet
  • Influenced by photography
    • Spontaneous moment
    • Severely cropped subject matter
  • Popular Work – The Dancing Class

Berthe Morisot 1841-95

Berthe Morisot, portrait by Manet 1972

  • Only woman to exhibit in the first Impressionist exhibit
  • Considered the most radical of the Impressionists
  • Very loose brush work
  • Popular Work — The Cradle

Mary Cassatt 1844-1925
An American expatriate

Mary Cassatt 1878

James Abbott McNeill Whistler 1834-1903
Also an American expatriate

James Whistler 1872

John Singer Sargent 1826-1925
Another American expatriate

John Singer Sargent 1906

  • France, England, back to America
  • Known for his portraits — including Theodore Roosevelt
  • Popular Work — Carnation, Lily, Lily, Rose

Post-Impressionistic Painters

George Seurat 1859-91

Georges Seurat 1888

Paul Cézanne 1839-1906

Paul Cezanne 1961

Vincent van Gogh 1853-90

Vincent Van Gogh 1889

Dutch, but lived in France

  • Used color not to depict light, but rather to convey emotion
  • Sometimes applied his paints with a palette knife, or squeezed directly from the tube on the canvas
  • Supported by his brother, an art gallery owner
  • Suffered from mental illness — emotional swings
  • Never knew economic success
  • Popular Work — Starry Night

Paul Gauguin 1848-1903
French — but moved to Tahiti

Paul Gauguin 1891

[5.4.4 Continue on to learn more about Early Photography]

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