8.1- Post Modern Influences

Politics

Question tradition, question authority

Long held beliefs and customs came into question in the 1960’s and early 1970’s.
Three major movements changed traditionally held beliefs

The Vietnam War Protests

[audio:vietnamprotest.mp3]

A massive bombing campaign in April of 1965 in Vietnam
Sparked protest — mostly on university campuses against US policies in Vietnam
5 years of antiwar protests ensued
The anti war cause was taken up by musicians, writers and actors
Anti-war songs on the radio
Predominately white teenagers and young adults banded together with their views against the war, as well as traditional middle class values and created a counter-culture — the Hippie Movement.

The Civil Rights Movement

[audio:civilrights.mp3]

Between 1954 and 1964 the injustice of segregation was coming to the forefront in American life.

After the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 more dramatic measures were employed to in order to gain reform. Riots ensued and 2 key Civil Rights leaders were killed

  • Malcolm X — 1965

    Malcolm X - 12 March 1964

    Malcolm X – 12 March 1964

  • Martin Luther King, Jr. — 1968

    Martin Luther King Jr - photo taken 1964. Image courtesy of The Library of Congress

    Martin Luther King Jr – photo taken 1964. Image courtesy of The Library of Congress

Many firsts were achieved

1966 — First black senator in 85 years — Edward Brooke R-Massachusetts
1967 — Thurgood Marshal named to the Supreme Court
1967 — first black mayors of major US cities
1973 — first black mayor of a major Southern US city.

Women’s Movement

[audio:womensrights.mp3]

In the 1960’s and 1970 women joined the workforce in large numbers
Traditional women’s roles were expanded
Many women demanded equal pay for equal work, better childcare, and abortion on demand

1968 — the first black woman is elected to Congress — Shirley Chisolm
1973 — the first battered women’s shelter’s open
1978 — for the first time ever more women enter college than men

Shirley Chisholm - photo taken 25 January, 1972

Shirley Chisholm – photo taken 25 January, 1972. Courtesy of The Library of Congress

Life Today and Globalization

[audio:globilization.mp3]

In the 1990 technology expanded at a rapid rate with computers and the internet. Technology became relatively affordable and communication around the globe got faster, easier and cheaper.

Mass marketing has brought the West to the East
Cheaper labor markets have brought the East to the West

We are still undergoing globalization, it is still evolving

Religion: Wide and Narrow

[audio:religionsoundclip.mp3]

A Widening
More religious beliefs are reflected in mainstream Western art
Native American
Aboriginal Australian
Taoism
Buddhism

A Narrowing

Christian Fundamentalism

Islamic Fundamentalism

Science: So Much, So Quickly — The Technology Revolution

The developments in computer technology, communications and imaging have had a dramatic impact on the arts.

Access to the Arts [audio:access.mp3]

  • The internet
  • Streaming capabilities

Visual Arts [audio:visualartsscience.mp3]

  • The home computer
  • Home printers
  • Digital cameras and video equipment
  • Software applications
  • The development of new materials have also had an impact on the arts
  • See examples in the Art section

Electronic and Recording Industry [audio:musicscience.mp3]

  • Electronic instruments
  • Computerized studio equipment
  • Software applications to help composers
  • MP 3s
  • Computer music sharing

Film industry [audio:filmscience.mp3]

  • Computer generated graphics
  • Editing
  • Mechanical devices
  • Camera technology
  • Materials for costume and make-up artists

Video Games [audio:videogames.mp3]

  • A new area for artistic talents
  • Visual artists
  • Composers
  • Storywriters

Architecture

Postmodern Architecture [audio:postmodernarchitecture.mp3]

  • Postmodern architecture as been dubbed “neo-eclectic’
  • Echoes of the past are thrown in with wit and irony
  • Like Postmodern art there is to a degree a rejection of the previous modern style
  • At times it turns its back on function in favor or art
  • More ornamented than the previous International Style

Frank Gehry (Canadian American) b. 1929

  • Known as a “Starchitect’ due to his celebrity status — he’s even appeared on the Simpsons
  • His building are more art than function
  • His buildings are visionary and incredible

Popular work: Disney Hall

Arata Isozaki (Japanese) 1921

  • His works have a whimsical look
  • His works vary widely in the geometric shapes he uses
  • He has created tall skinny towers, round spheres and pyramid structures
  • Popular Work: MOCA

Robert Venturi (American) b. 1925

  • “Less is a bore!’
  • Known for his theories on architecture
  • Works in furniture design as well
  • Popular Work: Seattle Art Museum

Take a peek at the future of architecture as Dubai rapidly expands to become the newest vacation playground of the rich.

One Response to “8.1- Post Modern Influences”

  1. Post-Modern the Time of Globalization and Technology | thetux writes:

    […] 1.) https://amtf200.community.uaf.edu/2009/04/24/02-influences-6/ […]

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