10.2- Introduction to Film

Film Making has many different components that work synergistically to create an artistic product.

Camera Shots and Scene Transitions

  • What the director and director of photography choose to show you [audio:camerawork.mp3]
  • How close and how far away? [audio:howclose.mp3]
  • What angle is the point of view? [audio:angle.mp3]
  • How much of the shot is in focus? [audio:focus.mp3]
  • Does the camera remain stationary, or does the camera move? [audio:motion.mp3]

How the director takes you from one location or time to another is important.

  • Fade in, fade out [audio:fades.mp3]
  • Dissolves and Jump cuts add sound clip dissolves and jumps [audio:dissolvesandjumps.mp3]
  • Sound overs [audio:soundover.mp3]
  • Creative transitions [audio:artsy.mp3]


  • Big names or not?
  • All the other parts — secondary roles, and extras


Visual symbols and literary symbols


  • A huge and often very technical aspect of film making [audio:sound.mp3]
  • Characteristic sounds and natural sounds [audio:characteristicsounds.mp3]
  • The foley artist and crew [audio:foley.mp3]
  • Room tone [audio:roomtone.mp3]
  • Establishing sound [audio:establishingsound.mp3]


Visual Effects

  • Scenery and sets [audio:visuals.mp3]
  • Costumes
  • Lighting
  • Technological Effects [audio:visualeffects.mp3]
  • Slow motion
  • Time lapse and fast motion
  • Creating the unbelievable
  • Computer generated graphics
  • Flying
  • Puppets
  • A Real “Shoot ‘em Up’
  • Explosions
  • Car Crashes
  • Blood and wounds
  • Falls
  • Cliff hanging



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